Sawai Madhopur Travel Information

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Introduction

Sawai Madhopur is one of the many famous destinations of the western state of India, Rajasthan. Generally a visit to Sawai Madhopur means a visit to the tiger reserve here. However, the place has much more to offer you in sightseeing and excursions. Surrounded by the Vindhya and Aravali hill ranges and located very near to the outer fringes of the Thar Desert, Sawai Madhopur offers you the best of the desert land as well as plain area near the hills. Due to its proximity to the Thar desert, the vegetation here is that of deciduous forest.
Sawai Madhopur was the massive stronghold of the Rajput King Hamir who was defeated by Allauddin Khilji's army in 1301 AD. A glorious era in the history of Sawai Madhopur was, when Emperor Akbar invested it in 1569. This event was recorded by his artists in miniature paintings of the Akbarnama. Later the fort was handed over to the rulers of Jaipur and remained with them till 1949 when Jaipur state became a part of Rajasthan. In 1955 Sawai Madhopur became a sanctuary and was one of the very first protected areas. Now a national park, it has an area of over 400 square kilometers with a tiger population of a little over a hundred.


Climate: The best time to visit the beautiful countryside of Sariska is between November and June. One can see the most of the animals in the evening.

Places of interest

Tiger Reserve


The park, which is one of the finest tiger reserves in the country is the main attraction of Sawai Madhopur. Spread over an area of 392 sq. km, Sawai Madhopur is characterised by dry deciduous forests sprawling over the Aravalli and Vindhyan ranges. If you are fortunate enough you can also see the tiger strolling in the jungle or near any of the three lakes-Padam Talab, Raj Bagh Talab and Milak Talab. The park also has panthers in sizable numbers, though they have been spotted generally at the outskirts of the park perhaps due to the inevitable conflict with the tiger population, which command the 'superior' position amidst the predatory cats. For spotting panthers, Kachida Valley is regarded as the ideal place. Other mammalian species that have made Sawai Madhopur their home are antelopes, nilgai, sambhar, chital, sloth bear, wild boar, chinkara, porcupines, jackals, leopards, jungle cats, fox, caracals, hyena, gazelle, Indian hare, mongoose and jacanas. Besides animals, about 264 species of birds are found within the park including painted storks, white-necked storks, black storks, peafowl, crested serpent eagles, Bonelli's eagle, Indian horned owl, quail, partridge, spur fowl, paradise flycatcher and jacanas. During winters migratory birds like graylag goose, ruddy sheiduck and pintails may also be spotted. Monitor lizards and marsh crocodiles are also found here. The park was one of the places visited by the former U.S. President Bill Clinton during his visit to India.

Ranthambore Fort

A visit to Sawai Madhopur means a visit to the noteworthy Ranthambore fort too. The fort was built by the Chauhan rulers in the 10th century and is regarded as one of the oldest forts of Rajasthan. Due to its strategic location, the fort was ideal to keep the enemy at bay. The fort is also related to the historical legend of the royal women performing jauhar(self immolation) when the Muslim invader Ala-ud-din Khilji laid siege on this fort in 1303. The fort is characterised by temples, tanks, massive gates and huge walls.

Jogi Mahal

The Jogi Mahal makes a must visit place in Ranthambore. It is the forest rest house that overlooks the pretty Padam Talab. The Mahal lies close to the park and has all the facilities for a comfortable stay. The most important aspect of Jogi Mahal that attracts a large number of tourists every year is the ancient banyan tree, which is believed to be the second largest banyan tree in India.

Flora and Fauna

Sawai Madhopur is characterised by the typical desert land of Rajasthan. The park here is the natural habitat of a sizeable number of panthers. Due to the considerable population of the tigers in the Ranthambore national park, the site has been taken under project tiger. The flora of the place is characterised by dry deciduous shrubs and not so high trees. However the topography varies in some places from secure forests to open scrublands. Dhok is the most prominent tree that you can find here. The aquatic flora in Sawai Madhopur includes lovely lotus flowers and water lilies. In fauna, Sawai Madhopur makes the natural habitat of some of the mammalian species like the antelopes, nilgai, sambhar, chital, sloth bear, wild boar, chinkara, porcupines, jackals, leopards, jungle cats, fox, caracals, hyena, gazelle, Indian hare, and mongoose. You can also find about 264 species of birds here.

 

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